National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19

The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 was conducted by an Independent Verification Agency under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen).

Findings of the Survey

  • 93.1 per cent of households in rural India have access to toilets during the survey period and 96.5 per cent of those who had access to toilets uses them.
  • The Survey re-confirmed the open defecation free (ODF) status of 90.7 per cent villages which were declared so by various districts and states and remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 per cent.
  • 95.4 per cent of the villages surveyed were found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.

Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin

As per the data from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which is the implementing ministry of Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, about 500 million people have stopped defecating in the open. As a result, the number of people defecating in open is down from 550 million at the beginning of the programme to less than 50 million today.
Under the Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin,  9 crore toilets have been built across rural India under the Mission. Under the Mission over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.

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