Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung erupts ashes
Published: August 11, 2020
Mount Sinabung on Sumatra Island in Indonesia erupted on August 10, firing ash and volcanic materials as high as 5000 meters into the sky. It was the second eruption of the volcano in as many days. There was no fatality or casualty reported due to this eruption of the volcano.
The aftermath of the Eruption
The people in the area should cover their face to protect themselves from the ash fallout and be careful of potential lava flows. The said ash-covered several villages around the area and up to an area of 20 km from the crater.
About Mount Sinabung
It is one of the 120 active volcanoes in the country and it is also prone to seismic activity on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a ring of volcanoes and moving fault lines surrounding the Pacific Ocean. Mount Sinabung had been inactive for centuries together but it first erupted recently in 2010. Since then, it has erupted multiple times till the recent one.
Previous Such Eruptions
In 2014, an eruption from Mount Sinabung killed 16 people and in 2016, it killed 7 people because of the eruption. Tens of thousands were forced to leave their homes around the active volcano in the last few years.
What is an Active Volcano?
An active volcano is that which has had at least one eruption during the past 10000 years. An active volcano might be erupting or dormant. Whereas an erupting volcano should be erupting all the time, a dormant volcano should not be erupting all the time but might erupt again in future.
Pacific Ring of Fire
It is defined as an area near the Pacific Ocean where most of the volcanic eruptions in the world take place. It has seen a large amount of activity in recent years also. This area is home to around 450 volcanoes including three of world’s four most active volcanoes – Mount St. Helens in the USA, Mount Fuji in Japan and Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines. This area is also known as the circum-Pacific belt.
Category: International Current Affairs