India to attend NAM Summit

On May 4, 2020, PM Modi will attend the NAM Summit representing India through a video conference. The Summit is to discuss COVID-19 challenges and solutions.

Highlights

This is the first NAM Summit being attended by the Mr Modi since he was sworn in as the Prime Minister in 2014. Mr Modi both the summits as PM in 2016 and 2019. The 2016 summit was held in Venezuels and 2019 in Azerbaijan.

In 2012, the former PM Manmohan Singh participated at the Tehran NAM summit.

NAM Summits

The NAM is Non-Aligned Movement forum of 120 developing countries. After the United Nations, NAM is the largest grouping of states. The summit was agreed to convene at the Bandung Conference in 1955.

NAM was established in 1961 through initiatives of Indian PM Jawaharlal Nehru, Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito and Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

The main aim of the summit is to build aspiration towards collective security, terminating dominance of one country over other and expansion of freedom. The NAM also aimed to soften the cold war that was building among the developed nations.

Principles of NAM

The five major principles of NAM include mutual respect, mutual non-aggression, equality and mutual benefit, mutual non-interference in domestic affairs and peaceful coexistence.

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