Constitution Day: November 26

Every year Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26. It is also known as Samvidhan Divas or National Law Day. The day is celebrated to mark the adoption of Constitution. The Constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949. The Constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950 and hence India celebrates its Republic Day on 26th January every year. And the Constitutional head of India, the President hoists the national flag on this day.

Background

The Constitution Day was declared in 2015. It was done to mark the 125th birth anniversary of Dr Ambedkar, which was in 2015. The announcement was made by PM Modi while he laid the stone to the Statue of Equality in Mumbai.

The Constitution Day is celebrated to pay tribute to the man behind drafting the Indian Constitution, Dr Ambedkar. He is also called the father of Indian Constitution.

How is the day celebrated?

India does not make pompous celebrations on this day. However, it is observed in different places differently. The preamble of the constitution is usually read in the schools. Quiz and Essay competitions are conducted both in offline and online modes. Lectures about salient features of the constitution are delivered in schools.

Why is Constitution Day celebrated as National Law Day?

It is observed to assess law and justice in the country. It helps to strengthen judiciary system in the country. The day celebrates the freedom of legal profession. For these reasons, the Constitution Day is celebrated as National Law Day.

The National Law Day was not celebrated till 1979. The Supreme Court Bar Association under Dr L M Singhvi proposed to observe the National Law Day on November 26.

About Constitution of India

It is the longest written Constitution in the world. It took two years, eleven months and seventeen days for the drafting committee of the constituent assembly to frame the constitution.

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