2021 Global Gender Gap Index: Key findings and India’s Rank
The World Economic Forum has released the Global Gender Gap Report 2021. India has seen a decrease in its ranking on the index by 28 places.
- India has been ranked 140th among 156 countries on the index. With this, India became the third-worst performer in South Asia.
- As per the index, India has closed 62.5% of its gender gap to date.
- In 2020, India was ranked 112th among 153 countries.
- The decline also took place on the economic participation and opportunity subindex.
- The report highlighted that India’s gender gap on this dimension widened by 3% this year, leading to a 32.6% gap closed till date.
- Most of the decrease has been seen on the political empowerment subindex, where India regressed 13.5 percentage points. The women ministers have declined to 9.1% in 2021 from 23.1% in 2019).
- One of the drivers of this decline is a decrease in women’s labor force participation rate, which decreased from 24.8% to 22.3%.
- The share of women in professional and technical roles also decreased to 29.2%.
- In senior and managerial positions, the share of women is also low. Only 14.6% of these positions are held by women and only 8.9% of firms are with female top managers.
- The income earned by women in India is the only 1/5th of that earned by men. This has put India among the bottom 10 globally on this indicator.
- Discrimination against women is also seen in the health and survival subindex statistics. With 93.7% of this gap closed to date, India has been ranked among the bottom five countries in this subindex.
India and its Neighbours
- Among India’s neighbors, Nepal has been ranked 106, Bangladesh 65, Afghanistan 156, Pakistan 153, Sri Lanka 116, and Bhutan 130.
- South Asia is the second-lowest performer on the index among regions. The region has an overall gender gap closed at 62.3%.
- In the South Asia region, only two countries- Pakistan and Afghanistan have been ranked below India.
Iceland has topped the index for the 12th time and is the most gender-equal country in the world. The top 10 most gender-equal countries are Iceland, Finland, Norway, New Zealand, Rwanda, Sweden, Ireland, and Switzerland.
Category: Reports & Indexes Current Affairs