With suitable examples, explain the meaning of "ethics of duty". How it is different from "ethics of responsibility"?

Ethics of duty refers to just doing the job as assigned or told. On the other hand ethics of responsibility refers to responsibility for the outcome of one’s action. A person working according to ethics of duty will just to his job properly and then will consider himself free from blame regarding the consequences of one’s action. For example a manager working a factory may manage the factory in unsafe conditions without regard to life and health of worker citing that he is doing just as told.
On the other hand, a person working on the principle of ethics of responsibility will consider the safety of workers and their health to be his responsibility and will take steps to improve working conditions within the limited resources.

Question for UPSC Mains:
With suitable examples, explain the meaning of "ethics of duty". How it is different from "ethics of responsibility"?

Published: January 1, 2017 | Modified:October 15, 2020

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