What problems were germane to the decolonization process in the Malay Peninsula?

Decolonization is the process of the cessation of colonialism. Colonialism is the process when a nation establishes its colony and maintains its domination in foreign territories. A phase of decolonization was noticed after the second world war when most of the imperial nations started transferring the power to the native people.

Malay Peninsula

The Malay Peninsula is located in southeast Asia, which is southeastern Myanmar (Burma), southwestern Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. Colonial rule was not experienced by Thailand. In the late 1950s, the British Malaya achieved self-rule.

Impacts

  • The commodity prices and exchange rates were in a fluctuating condition after world war II.
  • World war II severely hit the construction and infrastructure sector.
  • The natural rubber was replaced by synthetic rubber that caused job loss to many people.
  • The total development process was stalled.
  • The post-world war phase witnessed communal violence.
  • The economic condition and politics of the Malay peninsula broke down due to the collapse of the federation.

The main reason behind the decolonization of the Malayan Peninsula was the syncretization process between the Malayan nationalist and the European colonial powers. Their mutual action results in a speedy decolonization process.

Question for UPSC Mains:
What problems were germane to the decolonization process in the Malay Peninsula? (150 words)

Published: October 30, 2017 | Modified:September 3, 2020

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