‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs the identification of the beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with anticipated outcomes.” Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme.

‘Water, sanitation, and hygiene” (WASH) scheme is the key public health essential within international development which is the focus of Sustainable Development Goal 6, which intended to provide equitable and accessible water and sanitation for all, specifically for women and girls.

Problems

Several problems have been faced fo the implementation of the scheme.

  • Water contamination in the distribution systems.
  • The adequate water facility is still not available to a large number of the population.
  • Climate change and bad human habits.
  • The sanitation system is expensive and out of reach in rural areas.

Solution

  • The concerned authority must take care of the accessibility, affordability, quality, and safety of the service.
  • Both the central and state governments should take initiatives to make laws on the subject.
  • Implementation of innovative low-cost sanitation systems.
  • Sustainable water service.

Way ahead

Considering the issues of poverty, climate change, and poor governance the WASH scheme should be extended in every corner of the Nation. Both geographical and social context-based approach, human life cycle based should be practiced.

Question for UPSC Mains:
'To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs the identification of the beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with anticipated outcomes.

Published: October 30, 2017 | Modified:September 4, 2020

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