"An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation."Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.

The problem of poverty has been there in every corner of India since its formation. The monetary disparity debarred a part of the society from availing the essential needs of life. A report published in 2019 showed that about 6.7% of the population of India is below the official poverty limit.

Problem faced

  • They are deprived of food, education, expensive health service, clothing, shelter, and income.
  • Some times due to their financial weakness, they face social discrimination.
  • Unavailability of essential needs forces them to live an unhealthy lifestyle.


To eradicate poverty from India,  the most necessary thing is to liberate the poor from the deprivation they always face. It is possible by ensuring adequate foods, education, skill sets, free healthcare services, and a job to fulfill their economical needs.

Healthcare: Essential healthcare service can alleviate the issues faced by the rural as well as urban population. The conditions of the rural health center are not that good to deliver proper healthcare services. For complicated heal issues, one has to go to the private hospital and the expense is totally out of reach to the poor. The central and state government should implement the Aayushman Bharat program jointly to ensure proper health care services, cashless benefits, and an effective health insurance facility.

Education: Proper education facilities can upgrade the situation of the next generation of the poor family that will ultimately improve the situation from every aspect. Schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and the new education policy could play a crucial role.

Skill sets: The skill development process will enable them to secure a job to sustain their livelihood. Programs like Skill India Mission and the new education policy that also recommended vocational training from class six could provide momentum in the vision of the Skill India Program.

Employment: Unskilled labor can also contribute to the development process. Schemes like MGNREGA ensures a hundred days of employment with wages in a year to the adult members of rural households.

Minimizing red-tapism

To ensure essential needs to the poor, less paperwork and more implementation are necessary. Schemes like UDAY, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana need better implementation.

Focusing on improvement in all the mentioned sectors, the problem of poverty could be eradicated. And ultimately it will provide impetus to the Indian government’s flagship program Atma Nirbhar Bharat.

Question for UPSC Mains:
“An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.

Published: December 5, 2016 | Modified:August 31, 2020