What are Forward and Backward Linkages?

There are two different kinds of linkages between the economic activities viz. backward linkages and forward linkages. For an industry, backward linkages are directed towards suppliers; while the forward linkages are directed towards consumers.

We take an example of an steel mill here. To perform its economic activity, this mill needs inputs from coal mining and iron ore mining. These constitu…

You need to be a member of Integrated IAS General Studies Programme to view this content.

Last Updated: October 14, 2015