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Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle General Knowledge Questions


Who among the following was not one of the founding fathers of the All India Muslim League ?
[A] Nawab Moshin-ul-Mulk
[B] Maulana Abul KalamAzad
[C] Aga Khan
[D] Nawab Salimullah of Dacca

Maulana Abul KalamAzad
In Dec. 1906 “All India Muslim League” was set up under the leadership of Aga Khan, Nawab Salimullah Khan of Dacca and Nawab Mohsin-ul Mulk at Dacca. The League supported the Partition of Bengal and opposed the Swadeshi Movement and demanded the special safeguards for its community and separate electorate of Muslims.


Which was the only session of Indian National Congress, presided by Mahatma Gandhi?
[A] Allahabad
[B] Guwahati
[C] Belgaum
[D] Kakinada

Gandhiji became the president of Indian National Congress in 1924 at the Belgaum session of Indian National Congress.


The resolution of Swadeshi was adopted in which session of Congress?
[A] Madras session of 1903
[B] Bombay session of 1904
[C] Benaras session of 1905
[D] Calcutta session of 1906

Calcutta session of 1906
The resolution of Swadeshi was adopted in 1906 Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. This session was headed by Dada Bhai Naoroji. Prior to this, in Banaras 1905 session, a resolution of boycott of British goods was put forward. However, it was 1906 session at Calcutta in which four resolutions on self-government, boycott movement, Swadeshi and national education were passed by the Congress. Dadabhai Naoroji said in his presidential speech: “we do not ask for favours we want only justice. Instead of going into any further divisions or details of our rights as British citizens the whole matter can be comprised in one word – self-government or Swaraj like that of the United Kingdom or colonies.”


President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence was___?
[A] J. B. Kripalani
[B] Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
[C] Dr. Rajendra Prasad
[D] Jawahar Lal Nehru

J. B. Kripalani
J. B. Kripalani was the President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence. Acharya (scholar) Jiwantram Bhagwandas Kripalani was a Gandhian Socialist, environmentalist, mystic and freedom fighter, noted for his incorruptibility and determination.


Who is known as Father of Indian Unrest ?
[A] Dadabhai Nauroji
[B] G. K. Gokhale
[C] Mahatma Gandhi
[D] Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak joined congress in 1890. Valentine Chirol called him “Father of Indian Unrest”, who first of all demanded complete “Swarajya”.


The first Englishmen to preside over a Congress session was __?
[A] George Yule
[B] Dufferin
[C] W. Wedderburn
[D] None of these

George Yule
George Yule was a Scottish businessman who became the fourth President of INC in 1888,the first non-indian to hold that office.


Which among the following organizations merged with Congress in 1886?
[A] East Indian Association
[B] Indian National Association
[C] British Indian Association
[D] Indian League

Indian National Association
The Second session of the Indian National Congress was held in 1886 in Calcutta. The President of the session was Dadabhai Naoroji. In this session the Indian Association merged with the Indian National Congress. ( The Indian National Association was the founded by Surendranath Banerjee and Anand Mohan Bose in 1876.).


The British empire is rotten to the core, corrupt in every direction and tyrannical and mean.
The above statement was made by __?
[A] Mrs. Annie Besant
[B] W. Digby
[C] Sister Nivedita
[D] William Wedderburn

Sister Nivedita
Sister Nivedita : Born as Margaret Elizabeth Noble, she was more popularly known as sister Nivedita. She was a Scots-Irish social worker, author, teacher and a disciple of Swami Vivekananda. She was described as a real lioness by Vivekananda, ‘Lokmata’ (the mother of the people) by Rabindra Nath Tagore and Agnishikha (the flame of fire) by Aurobindo Ghosh. In England she was known as ‘The Champion for India’. Many of her letters written between 1900-1905 to her friend Miss Macleod reveal her hatred for British rule. One such letter writes “The British empire is rotten to the core – corrupt in every direction, and tyrannical and mean.


Which among the following was the venue of the INA trial?
[A] Calcutta High Court
[B] Supreme Court
[C] Federal Court
[D] Red Fort

Red Fort
I.N.A. (Indian National Army) trial : P.K.Sehgal,Shah Nawaj Khan and Gurubaksh Singh Dhillon were put on trial at the Red Fort in Nov 1945. The chief defence advocate during INA trial was Bhulabhai Desai.


Which among the following was the most revolutionary secret organization of Bengal?
[A] Abhinava Bharat
[B] Mitra Mela
[C] Ghadar Party
[D] Anushilan Samiti

Anushilan Samiti
Anushilan Samiti: The most revolutionary secret organization of Bengal was founded by Pramath Nath Mitra in 1902.