Ancient Indian History General Knowledge Questions

21.

The Gufkral chalcolithic site is located in which state?
[A]Rajasthan
[B]Jammu & Kashmir
[C]Karnataka
[D]Uttarakhand

Jammu & Kashmir

22.

At which of the following sites, all the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic sites have been found in sequence?
[A]Sarai Nahar Rai
[B]Kurnool Valley
[C]Belan Valley
[D]Ahar

Belan Valley

23.

Bring out the only incorrect statement:
[A]Jorwe culture was most prominent in Maharashtra
[B]Hathonora is a site where a true hominid fossil was found
[C]The Earliest evidence of Rice cultivation has come from Belan Valley
[D]The people of all sites in Rajasthan during the Neolithic age were aware of Bricks

The people of all sites in Rajasthan during the Neolithic age were aware of Bricks
D is the incorrect statement. People of Gilund in Rajasthan were NOT aware of bricks

24.

Which of the following are two works of Kalidasa?
[A] Raghuvamsha and Kiratarjuniya
[B] Kumara Sambhav and Raghuvamsha
[C]Malti Madhava and Kumara Sambhava
[D]Malti Madhav and Kumara Sambhava

Kumar Sambhava and Raghuvamsha
Kalidasa was one of the gems of the court of Gupta king Chandragupta II (375–415 CE). The poems he wrote were usually of epic proportions and were written in classical Sanskrit. He wrote two epic poems called Kumara sambhava, which means birth of Kumara and the Raghuvamsha, which means dynasty of Raghu. There are also two lyric poems written by Kalidasa known as Meghadutta that stands for cloud messenger and the Ritusamhara that means description of the seasons. Meghadutta is one of the finest works of Kalidasa in terms of world literature. The beauty of the continuity in flawless Sanskrit is unmatched till date. The most famous and beautiful work of Kalidasa is the Shakuntalam. It is the second play of Kalidasa after he wrote Malavikagnimitra. The Shakuntalam tells the story of king Dushyant who falls in love with a beautiful girl Shakuntala, who happens to be the daughter of a saint.

25.

Who was the first Indo-Greek king, who became Buddhist?
[A]Antiochus II
[B]Apollodotus I
[C]Apollodotus II
[D]Menander II

Menander II
Menander II was the Indo-Greek king who established a large empire in the South Asia and became a patron of Buddhism.

26.

Who among the following built the Gomateshwara statue at Sravanabelagola ?
[A] Chandragupta Maurya
[B] Kharvela
[C] Amoghavarsha
[D] Chamundaraya

Chamundaraya
Bahubali also called Gomateshwara was an Arihant. According to Jainism, he was the second of the hundred sons of the first Tirthankara, Rishabha and king of Podanpur. A monolithic statue of Bahubali referred to as “Gommateshvara” built by the Ganga dynasty minister and commander Chamundaraya is a 60 feet (18 m) monolith and is situated above a hill in Shravanabelagola, in the Hassan district of Karnataka. It was built in the 10th century AD.

27.

Which among the following Mudra is the gesture of Buddha as depicted in his first sermon?
[A] Abhaya Mudra
[B] Dhyana Mudra
[C] Dharmachakra Mudra
[D] Bhumisparsa Mudra

Dharmachakra Mudra
The sermon Buddha gave to the five monks was his first sermon, called the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta. The Seated Buddha from Gandhara is an early statue of the Buddha made in Gandhara, in modern Pakistan, in the 2nd or 3rd century The pose, which was to become one of a number of standard ones, shows Buddha as a teacher setting the wheel of Dharma in motion (Dharmachakra Mudra). Buddha did this following his enlightenment and after delivering his first sermon at the deer park at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.

28.

Which of the following inscriptions mentions the name of Kalidasa?
[A] Allahabad pillar inscription
[B] Aihole inscription
[C] Alapadu grant
[D] Hanumakonda inscription

Aihole inscription
Aihole inscription written by the Badami Chalukyas King, Pulakesin II who reigned from 610 to 642 CE and was a follower of Jainism. This valuable inscription discovered in the Meguti temple near Aihole (Bijapur district in Karnataka). The inscription is in the Sanskrit language, which uses the old Kannada script. The accounts of Pulkeshi’s campaigns are provided in the Aioli inscription dated 634 AD. It was composed by his court poet Ravikirti. Bharavi, who is associated with the Pallavas of Kanchi along with Kalidasa is mentioned in the famous Aihole Inscription of Pulakesin II.

29.

By whom Pallava King Mahendravarman-I got defeated?
[A]Pulakesin II
[B]Vikramaditya II
[C]Yajnavarman
[D]Pulakesin I

Pulakesin II
The Pallava King Mahendravarman I got defeated by the Chalukya King Pulakesin II. Though, Narasimhavarman I (the son of Mahendravarman I) took the revenge of his father from Pulakesin II by defeating and killing him in the Battle of Vatapi in 642 AD and captured the Chalukyan capital, Vatapi. Thus, he assumed the title of ‘Vatapikonda’ (Conqueror of Vatapi).

30.

Who was the author of Dashkumarcharitam and at whose court did he live?
[A]Dandin, Nandivarman II
[B]Bharavi, Nandivarman II
[C]Appar, Dandivarman I
[D]Bharavi, Narsimhavarman I

Dandin, Nandivarman II
Dashkumarcharitam was composed by Dandin, who was a Sanskrit author of prose romances and expounder on poetics in the 6th-7th century. Both Bharavi and Dandin, the authors of Kiratarjuniyam and Dasakumarcharitam respectively, lived in the Pallava court.

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