Notes: Organized maritime training in India commenced in 1927 with T. S. Dufferin. T.S. Rajendra replaced this in 1972 and a shore based academy
T. S. Chanakya established in 1993 for training nautical cadets. In 1949 the need to specialize in nautical and engineering sciences was felt and the Directorate of Marine Engineering Training Institute (DMET), Kolkata was created to concentrate on Maritime Engineering.