Memorable Points: Archive 12

Idea of East Asia Summit:
The idea was mooted in 1991 by then Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad. It provides India the forum to carve out for itself a larger East Asian strategic presence and taking forward our vision for the future. Thrust areas of EAS include (i)
energy, Environment, Climate Change & Sustainable Development, (ii) Education, (iii) Finance, (iv) Natural Disaster Mitigation and (v) Avian Influenza. Four summits of EAS have been held so far. First summit was held in Kua Lalumpur in December 2005.”

India ASEAN Trade:
The trade has grown from US$ 2.4 billion in 1990 to US$ 44.66 billion in 2008-09 and the targets to make it reach US$ 70 billion within next two years (by 2012)

Universal Service Obligation Fund
Indian Telegraph (Amendment) Act, 2003 gave the statutory status to the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) and it was passed in December 2003

Types of Some Missiles in India
Agni is family of Medium to Intercontinental range ballistic missiles, Prithvi is tactical surface-to-surface, short-range ballistic missile (SRBM), Akash is medium range surface-to-air missile, Nag is a third generation“Fire-and-forget“ anti-tank missile

Galton Whistle:
Human can listen only the frequencies below 20 kHz. However animals like dogs, cats, dolphins, bats, and mice can listen above this limit. This principle was used by Galton who produced the ultrasonic waves by blowing a whistle. For human these whistle appears silent, while dogs and cats can listen it. It is used in training of dogs and cats.

Composition of NHRC
Chairperson must have been a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; one Member who is or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court; one Member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court; two Members to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights, Chairperson of the National Commission for Minorities, and the National Commission for Women shall be deemed to be Members of the Commission (The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993)
The appointment committee consists of Prime Minister as Chairperson, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Home Minister, leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha, leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha & Deputy chairman of Rajya Sabha.

Subjects of some amendments:
55th : statehood to Arunachal Pradesh, 56th: setting up new state of Goa and separation of Daman & Diu , 57th : special arrangements with regard to reservation for scheduled tribes in NE states Arunachal, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya. Article 332 amended for this reason, 58th: authorizes president to publish an authoritative translation of constitution, 59th : empowered the government to impose emergency in Punjab

Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar’s comment on Indian Febderation:
the use of the word Union is deliberate. The Drafting Committee wanted to make it clear that though India was to be a federation, the federation was not a result of an agreement by the States to join in the federation and that the federation not being the result of an agreement no state has a right to secede from it. Though the country and the people may be divided into different states for convenience of administration the whole country is one integral whole, its people a single people living under a single imperium derived from a single source – Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar

Some Articles related to Panchayats:
“243A. Gram Sabha
243B. Constitution of Panchayats.
243C. Composition of panchayats.
243D. Reservation of seats.
243E. Duration of Panchayats etc”

Principal Organs of United Nations:
Formerly UN had six principal active organs. UN Trusteeship Council suspended its operations in 1994. The five organs are:
UN General Assembly
UN Security Council
UN Economic and Social Council
UN Secretariat
International Court of Justice

Word Heritage Site in Two States:
Kalka is in Panchkula Haryana and Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. Kalka Shimla Railway spreads in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, some other sites: Valley of Flowers National Park is located in Uttarakhand, Mountain Railways of India are in Darjeeling, Sundarbans National Park isn West Bengal and Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is in Gujarat.

NDTV and Ministry of Tourism 7 wonders of India:
1.Sun Temple, Konark
2.Khajuraho
3.Jaisalmer Fort
4.Red Fort
5.Nalanda University
6.Dholavira Site
7.Meenakshi Temple”

Oldest Functionary Parliamentary institution
Please note that Althing of Iceland is the oldest functioning parliamentary institution in the world established in 930 AD

Top 5 Languages of India by speakers strength:
1–Hindi 422,048,642 Percentage of Total : 41.03
2–Bengali 83,369,769 Percentage of Total : 8.11
3–Telugu 74,002,856 Percentage of Total : 7.19
4–Marathi 71,936,894 Percentage of Total : 6.99
5–Tamil 60,793,814 Percentage of Total : 5.91
6–Urdu 51,536,111 Percentage of Total : 5.01
(source Census 2001)

Least Spoken Languages:
Least spoken language is Sanskrit (only few people in following places speak Sanskrit: Mattur in Karnataka,Jhiri (Rajgadh) in Madhya Pradesh, Ganoda (Banswada) in Rajasthan, Bawali (Bagapat) in Uttar Pradesh , Mohad (Narasinhpur) in Madhya Pradesh. Bodo is next to Sanskrit and spoken by 1,350,478 people.”

Owners of some newspapers in India:
The Times of India, ET : Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd.
Dainik Bhaskar : DB Crop Ltd.
Dainik Jagran : Jagaran Prakashan Ltd.
Malayala Manorama : Malayala Manorama Group
Eenadu : Ramoji Group.
Ananda Bazar Patrika : Ananda Publishers
Hindustan Times: HT Media Ltd
Sakshi : Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
Mathrubhumi : The Mathrubhumi Group
Gujarat Samachar : Lok Prakashan Ltd.
Dinakaran : SUN TV
The Telegraph: Ananda Publishers
Prajavani, Deccan Herald : The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited
New Indian Express : Express Publications Ltd.
The Statesman: The Statesman Ltd.
The Hindu Business Line: Kasturi & Sons Ltd.
Business Standard: Business Standard Ltd. (BSL)

Location of ICAO & IATA:
International Civil Aviation Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, located Montreal, Quebec, Canada, established 1947, headquarters Montreal Canada, Current Head: Raymond Benjamin. Please note that IATA ( International Air Transport Association) is also located in Montreal.

Some points from latest SIPRI data March 2010
“Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) March 2010
1. Largest arms supplier of the world: USA (30% market share)
2. Growth of global arms sale 92005-2009) = 22%
3. largest importer of American weapons : South Korea, the United Arab Emirates and Israel.
4. China`s share in Global Defense sales: 9%
5. India`s sale in Global Defense Sales: 7%
6. China`s 89% import originated from Russia
7. India`s 77% import from Russia, UK supplied 8% and Israel 5% (conventional defense equipment)

Work field of UNFPA:
UNFPA supports programs in140 countries in four areas, the Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the sub-Saharan Africa

Father of India Print Media:
James Augustus Hickey started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the Calcutta General Advertise or the Bengal Gazette in January, 1780.

October Revolution:
Another name of Russian Revolution or part of Russian Revolution of 1917also known as October coup or the Uprising of 25th.

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