046 - Mechanisms Laws for Protection of Vulnerable Sections

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) was established under Article 338 of the constitution. It earlier dealt with Scheduled Tribes too but after the 89th constitutional amendment, it has been relieved. Yet, it still looks after Anglo-Indians too. Need for strengthening: According to People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), the present organization is a ..

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Women in India do not enjoy their full reproductive rights. Highlight the interventions adopted to remove these barriers.

Reproductive health & choices are an important component of fundamental rights to life & personal liberty of women, under Article 21 as ruled by the Supreme Court in a recent judgement. Despite above fundamental right, there exist barriers to its realization: Inadequacy of healthcare infrastructure – Doctor/population ratio is below WHO recommended 1:1000. Also PHC/population ..

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Discuss the threat posed by Covid-19 on the safety and wellbeing of children all over the world. What steps have been taken by National Commission for Protection of Child Rights in this regard?

World Bank released a report pointing that learning disability may increase by 10% in developing countries due to Covid-induced destruction. Threat of Covid on wellbeing of children: Healthcare Disruption of traditional network of ASHA in last-mile delivery. Reduced institutional deliveries. Disruption of traditional vaccination. Mental health – concerns due to reduced socialization. Physical health – ..

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In the context of primary healthcare in India, the only way to fulfill the objectives of equitable and comprehensive care is to democratize it. Discuss.

The Right to health is subsumed under the Right to Life in the constitution of India. There is enough evidence to show that Primary Health Care (PHC) approach is the most effective way to solve health and health system challenges. Ayushman Bharat Scheme aims to develop and convert PHCs into 1.5 lakh health & wellness ..

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Although, the state has the right incentive and intentions to deliver public services efficiently, its capacity to do so is questionable. Critically discuss in the context of India.

India is a welfare state, as envisaged in the directive principles of the state policy. This entails its responsibility for efficient Public Service Delivery. Incentives and intentions of the state in delivering Public Services: Right intention – As envisaged by DPSPs, and by launching various schemes like Poshan Abhiyan and Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan, the state ..

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Explain how the e-Shram portal can help to address the issues faced by workers in the informal sector in India.

In India, more than 90% of workers are employed in the informal sector. The Ministry of Labour and Employment launched the e-Shram portal to register unorganized workers such as construction labourers, migrant workforce, street vendors, domestic workers, etc. It was formed on the directions of the Supreme Court to register unorganized workers so that they ..

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