GS-II: Mechanisms Laws for Protection of Vulnerable Sections
Comment on the situation of the informal sector in India. What are the challenges faced by them? Enumerate the government’s initiatives to benefit this sector.
The informal economy is a widespread and worldwide phenomena. The informal sector employs over 60% of the world’s population, according to the International Labor Organization. Informal sector in India: Despite being more common in emerging and developing nations, this ..
Topics: GS-II: Mechanisms Laws for Protection of Vulnerable Sections • GS-III: Economic Growth Development • GS-III: Inclusive Growth and Issues Arising From It • GS-III: Indian Economy Issues Relating to Planning
The social evil of debt bondage or bonded labour in still in continuance even after 75 years of independence. Examine the reasons behind it and discuss steps to be taken for its redress.
Bonded labour refers to work without pay/minimum pay and suspension of basic human rights of workers. According to the Supreme Court of India it is the payment of wages that are below the prevailing market wages and legal minimum wages. ..
Discuss the importance for providing social security to gig workers. Highlight the challenges that exist in this regard.
Gig workers means the workers engaged in delivering services via various unconventional ways, like freelancing, independent auditing, etc. They form about 13% of India’s workforce. Need for social security to gig workers: Not fixed term employment. Flow of revenues is ..
Among informal sectors, domestic servants are a unique group in India. They are ubiquitous but remains invisible. Highlight the challenges faced by them and factors responsible for these challenges, also suggest remedial measures.
Domestic servant sometimes invariably referred as ‘domestic help’ are people who work in houses, doing works like cleaning, cooking, etc. Ubiquitous – as they are everywhere, even government vacancies are there (e.g. Peons). Invisible – as they are mostly not ..
The NALSA judgement of Supreme Court provided the right for self-determination of gender; however, its spirit got diluted with the passage of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act 2019. Analyze.
A ‘transgender’ is a person who’s sex doesn’t match the sex assigned at birth. The SC had taken an expansive meaning on gender/sex & ensured effective protection for the rights of the transgender community. However, many groups such as “All ..
The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.
The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) was established under Article 338 of the constitution. It earlier dealt with Scheduled Tribes too but after the 89th constitutional amendment, it has been relieved. Yet, it still looks after Anglo-Indians too. Need ..