030 - Salient Features Significant Provisions of Constitution

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) was established under Article 338 of the constitution. It earlier dealt with Scheduled Tribes too but after the 89th constitutional amendment, it has been relieved. Yet, it still looks after Anglo-Indians too. Need for strengthening: According to People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), the present organization is a ..

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In India, both Centre and States have misused the provision of issuing ordinances, even though it amounts to seizing the legislative powers by the executive. Critically examine.

Article 123 provides for issuance of ordinances by executive in extraordinary circumstances when legislative is not in session. Ordinance-route – Usurpation of power by executive: Legislative/law-making is a domain of the legislative in our democratic setup. Escape of parliamentary oversight over laws. Against principles of representative democracy, as parliament is the forum of people’s representation. ..

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To safeguard and uphold the freedom of speech and expression in India, it is imperative to adequately reform colonial laws that curtail free speech. Discuss.

Article 19 of Part 3 of constitution of India guarantees freedom of speech & expression as a fundamental right, subject to certain safeguards. Colonial laws that curtail free speech: Sedition laws, under IPC vaguely defined offences like “attempt to incite hatred”, etc. Official Secrets Acts, hinders genuine whistle-blowers at times. Laws regarding contempt of court. ..

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Why India needs a Simple Language Commission?

In India, there is Department of Hindi under the Ministry of Home Affairs in the Central government. The department has been given the responsibility of spreading Hindi across the country. It recruits those who have done an MA in Hindi. It is officially called Rajbhasha Vibhag. In India English too is a Rajbhasha (official language). ..

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Discuss the Constitutional provisions regarding the rights of children.

Various Constitutional provisions for Children: Article-15 prohibits discrimination on the grounds only religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. But the state is empowered to make special provisions for women and children. Article-23 prohibits traffic in human beings and forced labour. Under this article, the Supreme Court in the case of M. C. Mehta ..

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What are the main differences between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and other Legislative Bills?

The main differences between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and other Legislative Bills are: ​A Legislative Bill can be passed by a simple majority in both the Houses, while for the purpose of Amendment, provisions of the Constitution are divided into three parts: Amendment by simple majority of both the Houses. ​Amendment by ..

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