GS-II: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections
Persons with disabilities face a lot of difficulties in getting involved with mainstream socio-economic and cultural activities, due to lack of mobility and transportation, inaccessible physical environments, unavailability of assistive devices and technologies, and inaccessible websites and services. Making entertainment ..
While the welfare initiatives are needed for empowerment of people, the freebies culture is detrimental and cultivates a patron-client syndrome. Examine in context of governance in India.
Governance in India is based upon welfare motive as guided by directive principles of the state policy. Welfare initiatives embody civil rights and empower people: Schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, mid-day meal are aimed to improve education along with ..
Examine how the PMAY-G has been considerably successful and marked improvement over previous rural housing schemes in India.
The PMAY-G or Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Grameen is aimed to provide pucca-houses to every household in rural areas. So far, it has been very successful in achieving its aim and objectives. The scheme differs from its previous schemes ..
The social evil of debt bondage or bonded labour in still in continuance even after 75 years of independence. Examine the reasons behind it and discuss steps to be taken for its redress.
Bonded labour refers to work without pay/minimum pay and suspension of basic human rights of workers. According to the Supreme Court of India it is the payment of wages that are below the prevailing market wages and legal minimum wages. ..
For increasing Ease of Doing Business and making India an attractive investment destination, it is imperative to deal with the complexities and high compliance costs associated with existing labour laws at both centre and state level. Discuss. What steps have been taken by the central government to address these challenges?
Labour laws in India are enforced by both central and state governments, which lead to multiplicity of laws and high associated compliance costs. Effects of such complexity: Reduces ease of doing business, difficult to set up compliance mechanisms across the ..
Discuss the importance for providing social security to gig workers. Highlight the challenges that exist in this regard.
Gig workers means the workers engaged in delivering services via various unconventional ways, like freelancing, independent auditing, etc. They form about 13% of India’s workforce. Need for social security to gig workers: Not fixed term employment. Flow of revenues is ..