While throwing some light on the dual control structure of armed forces in India, discuss the role played by Assam Rifles in internal security of India.
Assam Rifles is a part of the central paramilitary forces (along with the Indian Coast Guards) of India to provide internal security. It is the oldest paramilitary force and also a region-specific force to carry out anti-insurgency operations.
They play a crucial role in Assam, given its unique security challenges:
- Inter-tribal conflict and violence – Bodos v/s others, Assam v/s Mizoram border issue (Lushai hills), Greater Nagalim areas.
- Terrorism threat – ULFA, NDFB, NSCN-K, etc
- Anti-migrant rhetoric against Bangladesh migrants/refugees.
In the light of these challenges, the Assam rifles provides dual role:
- It is under administrative control of Home ministry, but its operations are under control of Indian Army which comes under Defence ministry. Hence, it has a dual control mechanism.
- It acts as a net security provider through coordination with army against border security and terrorist threat from ULFA, etc.
- Internal security to mitigate inter-tribal violence and clashes against refugees.
It is both internally and externally equipped to deal with issues rising from both within and outside the country.