The problem of trafficking of women and children is huge in India, highlight the factors behind it and steps taken in recent times to combat it.
Trafficking is a crime under IPC in which people, especially women and children, are transported from one region to another illegally for exploitation.
Factors that contribute to trafficking:
- Social factors
- Poor socio-economic conditions.
- Economic factors
- Lack of alternate employment opportunities.
- Political factors
- Limited awareness of rights.
- Lack of proper framework and policy to deal with trafficking.
- Laws have become old and organic.
- Administrative factors
- Not sensitive to people reporting trafficking.
- Corruption and maladministration.
- Nexus between police and traffickers.
- International factors
- Porous borders.
- Strategic position of India between Golden triangle and Crescent.
- Anti-trafficking act enacted in the Parliament will create an institutional mechanism to fight trafficking.
- Border projects like CIBMS, smart border fencing projects.
- Counter operations across the border with the help of army of other countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, etc.
- Immoral traffic prevention act 1986 – This law comprehensively deals with anti-trafficking, but it has become outdated.
- Rescue and rehabilitation scheme.
Article 23 of the Constitution prohibits trafficking and forced labour. To ensure this fundamental right, the efforts of the state need to be strengthened.
Topics: GS-III: Linkages of Organized Crime With Terrorism • GS-III: Role of External State and Non State Actors in Creating Challenges to Internal Security • GS-III: Security Challenges and Their Management in Border Areas