092 - Security Challenges and Their Management in Border Areas

Throw some light on the recent reforms that have been undertaken by India in strengthening its National Security Architecture.

The National security is one of the primary responsibilities of the state. With rise of state sponsored terrorism, organised crime, asymmetric warfare, and lone wolf attacks, following changes have been made. The post of the Chief of Defence Staff has been created, based on recommendations of the Kargil review committee. CDS is the head of ..

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Discuss the potential of “Integrated Law Enforcement Centres” and “Smart walls” on India’s border areas to address the prevailing security challenges.

India has a very long border and poses several security threats due to the presence of hostile neighbours like Pakistan & China. It is essential to neutralize these threats to ensure safety and trade across borders. Potential of Integrated Law Enforcement Centres: Such integrated check posts have been established by India at the border with ..

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Discuss the challenges in dealing with bioterrorism. What are the existing measures that India has to counter biological attacks? Is there a need for Bio-terrorism law? Analyze.

The spread of Covid-19 in the world has exposed the vulnerability to biological agents and has raised concerns about Bioterrorism. Bioterrorism is the intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops. Biological weapons may contain bacteria, viruses, biological toxins, fungi, etc. Bacillus anthracis is the most ..

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Effective border management can only be done by developing the border areas. Discuss, in this context, how the Border Area Development Programme can help to solve the problems associated with border areas.

Border Area Development Programme is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Home Affairs. It ensures two objectives: Provision of basic amenities for the local population. Border Management. Border area development is essential for border security and management, because of the reasons, like: Provision for all-weather roads ensures easy mobilisation of armed forces. Prevents dissatisfaction, ..

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India is becoming a major destination as well as a transit hub for drug trafficking in South Asia. Discuss the reasons behind it and also its implications on the internal security of India.

India is one of the largest consumers and a large transit hub for drug trafficking in South Asia. There are some specific reasons behind this. Reasons: India lies in the vicinity of the largest opiate-producing regions like the golden triangle (Myanmar-Laos-Thailand) and the golden crescent (Iran-Pakistan-Afghanistan). Smuggling is promoted by Pakistan for instability in India. ..

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Importance of the Chief of Defence staff

The creation of the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) is one of the biggest military reforms which seeks to ensure inter-services coordination and synergize efforts of the armed forces. The proposal for the CDS was made by the K.Subrahmanyam committee after the Kargil War in 1999. Despite the recommendations the proposal never moved forward. The ..

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