Explain the features and cure of hemophilia. How early management can be a solution to stop the spread of this disease?
Haemophilia is an inherited genetic disorder. It reduces the bodyï¿½s ability to make blood clots. This results in people bleeding longer after an injury, easy bruising, and an increased risk of bleeding inside joints or the brain.
Features of the Hemophilia:
- Men are more vulnerable to haemophilia than women
- It cannot be caught or transmitted except through inheritance
- About one third of new cases are caused by a new mutation of the gene in the mother or the child
- Haemophilia is caused by aï¿½defect in the X chromosome
- It is a rare disorder worldwide. Haemophilia A occurs in about 1 in 5,000 births, while Haemophilia B is even rarer at about 1 in about 20,000 births
- India has the highest count at nearly 19,000. 80% cases go unregistered, so that the actual count is close to 2 lakh
Cure of Haemophilia
- India is fast progressing in the field of hemophilia treatment
- There are two types of tests ï¿½ Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) Test and Prothrombin Time (PT) Test
- The PT and APTT screenings are blood tests
- Currently the only challenge is about screening which has a huge gap in the rural parts of India
- Tests for diagnosing Hemophilia are not expensive and can be done at district hospitals
Early detection and condition management is the key to leading a better life with hemophilia. There is no cure for haemophilia, only management. The disorder can be managed by infusion of clotting factor, using medicines to promote clots and healing, avoiding bleeding, exercising regularly, avoiding contact sports, maintaining good dental hygiene and following safe practices.