Page-2 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - September, 2022

Examine the need of a new policy for the planning and management of cities in a sustainable manner.

According to the ministry of housing and urban affairs, urban areas account for 33% of Indian population, and 60% of Indian GDP. Both these figures all set to rise and thus the key challenges in urbanisation need to be addressed. New outlook for urbanisation: Governance – Urban local bodies should be empowered to improve amenities ..

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While on one hand the Indian society is mimicking the west, on the other there are attempts to revive the conservative traditional outlook. Comment.

The liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation reforms of 1991 led to a massive change in the Indian economy. Indian society was also affected and become more modern and inspirational. Aspiration to mimic west: Great emphasis is placed on English proficiency. There is a threat to vernacular languages. Brain drain – Indian truth or attracted by economic ..

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Diversification of energy basket has not remain a choice, rather it is key for survival. Elucidate.

India has an energy basket that is heavily tilted towards fossil fuels like coal. While Socio-economic imperatives have contributed to reliance on coal, recent developments have prompted a shift in approach. Necessity of diversifying energy basket: India has to meet intended nationally determined contributions made to UNFCCC, e.g. 40% of energy from fossil fuels by ..

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Thunderstorms, lightning and many such events are witnessed during Pre-monsoonal season in India. Explain their formation process and its impact on various regions of India.

Pre-monsoon season is from April to May in India. It is the precursor to the full onset of monsoon. Due to high-pressure over the Indian subcontinent, the moisture bearing winds are not attracted to the mainland. Process of Pre-monsoon rainfalls: Oppressive heat is common in summer. It leads to warm air rising conventionally. This warm, ..

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Explain the processes of pedogenesis, and identify the active and passive factors affecting it.

Pedogenesis is the process of soil formation which may take hundreds of years. Soil cover is vital for agriculture and life itself. Process of soil formation: The base material is the rock which may be found in-situ or deposited by wind and water. The rocks are broken down by agents of weathering like heat, wind, ..

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Examine the factors on which location of semiconductor and electronic chip making industry depend. Enumerate the steps taken by India to boost electronic manufacturing in country.

The semiconductor and electronics chip industry is key for consumer electronics, Computers and even automobiles. It is largely concentrated in East Asian nations like Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Factors affecting location of this industry: Labour – Skilled labour is needed to perform necessary operations. The cost of labour should not be very high. Technology ..

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