Page-6 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - August, 2022

In a right institutional setup, the judicial decision-making is not affected by post-retirement appointments. Comment.

An independent and impartial judiciary is sine-quo-non for a democracy. Article 124(7) of the constitution debars a judge from pleading before any court/tribunal post retirement. Rationale behind it: Prevent quid-pro-quo, i.e. give and take between executive and judiciary. Ensure impartial ..

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While the pressure groups play a constructive and positive role in deepening democracy and enhancing liberties, they are often criticized on various grounds. Discuss.

The pressure groups are collective of individuals who come together to secure their own as well as public interest through various ways, such as: Electioneering – Placing candidates disposed in their favour on key political posts. Lobbying – Indirectly and ..

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The powers and privileges given to the legislature are essential for discharging their duties, however, there is a need to maintain balance between legislative privileges and fundamental rights.

The parliamentary privileges are key to effective, independent and efficient functioning of the parliament and its members. Source of Privileges: Article 105 of constitution. Constitutional conventions. Judicial decisions. Influence of British parliament. Significance: Individual Freedom of speech and expression – ..

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It has been often argued that the Governor usually acts more as ‘an agent of the centre’ than as constitutional head of state. Critically analyse.

The governor is the de jure executive head of the state and plays central role in maintaining healthy centre-state relationship. Constitutional position: Article 163 – governor is appointed by the President and holds office during his pleasure. Apart from constitutional ..

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A written constitution is necessary but not sufficient condition to ensure constitutionalism. In this context, highlight provisions of Indian constitution that ensures constitutionalism.

The constitutionalism refers to limiting powers of the state, agreement on minimum standards to cooperate and fulfill the aspirations of people through a commonly agreed upon charter called constitution, which defines and gives power to the government. It seeks to ..

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Highlight the institutional challenges faced by the Election Commission of India in dealing with the use of money and muscle power in electoral politics and ensuring free and fair elections.

The Election Commission of India is a premier constitutional body enshrined with conduct of free and fair elections throughout the nation. However, there are several institutional challenges present within the institution which hampers its functioning. Institutional Challenges: Lack of permanent ..

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