Give an account of the Presidentï¿½s rule in India. What are the conditions in which it can be applied in a state?
The imposition ofï¿½Article 356ï¿½of the Constitution on a State following the failure of constitutional machinery is called Presidentï¿½s Rule in India.ï¿½
ï¿½Features of the rule:
- Theï¿½elected state government will be temporarily dissolved
- Theï¿½Governor, who is appointed by the government at the Centre,ï¿½will replace the Chief Minister as the chief executive of the State
- The state will fall under theï¿½direct control of the Union government
- Article 356 is inspired bysections 93 of the Government of India Act, 1935,ï¿½which provided that if a Governor of a province was satisfied that a situation had arisen in which the government of the province cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the said Act, he could assume to himself all or any of the powers of the government and discharge those functions in his discretion
- It requires theï¿½sanction of both the houses of Parliament. If approved, it can go on for aï¿½period of six months
- The impositionï¿½cannot be extended for more than three years
ï¿½Conditions when Presidentï¿½s Rule is imposed on a state:
- State Legislature is unable to elect a leader as Chief Minister
- If the ruling party or coalition does not have numbers to prove majority in the Assembly
- If the breakdown of law and order situation takes place in the state
- Loss of majority in the state assembly
- If elections are postponed due to inevitable reasons
Article 356 gave wide powers to the central government to assert its authority over a state if civil unrest occurs, and the state government does not have the means to end it.