033 - Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States

In India, both Centre and States have misused the provision of issuing ordinances, even though it amounts to seizing the legislative powers by the executive. Critically examine.

Article 123 provides for issuance of ordinances by executive in extraordinary circumstances when legislative is not in session. Ordinance-route – Usurpation of power by executive: Legislative/law-making is a domain of the legislative in our democratic setup. Escape of parliamentary oversight over laws. Against principles of representative democracy, as parliament is the forum of people’s representation. ..

Topics: 

The principal constraint for India is trying to find solutions to 21st century problems using 19th century government structures. Discuss.

21st century India is faced with a novel set of issues & challenges, influenced by globalization, technology revolution, 4th Industrial revolution, climate change, etc. 21st Century Problems: Dual use of technology & their consequences. E.g. AI & associated privacy concern. New forms of security threats. E.g. Cyber threat, Drones, etc. Integrated nature of problems. E.g. ..

Topics: 

The CBI is often cited as an example of the rising politicisation of public institutions. In this context, identify the issues associated with the CBI’s functioning. What steps can be taken to address these issues.

Central Bureau of Investigation established under Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, is the central investigating agency to investigate serious criminal cases in India. It has been repeatedly used as a political weapon by the ruling parties against opposition. SC has called it as a “caged parrot” pointing to its politicization. Issues with functioning: Politicization due ..

Topics: 

Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.

MPLAD is a Central Sector Scheme, announced in 1993, with an objective to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature, primarily in their Constituencies. Role in creating community assets: The developmental work emphasize upon creation of durable community assets in field of drinking water, primary education, public health, sanitation and roads, etc. It can ..

Topics: 

The electoral Bond scheme is a step that will take away transparency and accountability from electoral funding. Critically analyze.

The electoral Bond scheme is a tool to fund political parties and their elections. It brings a mechanism to fund political parties through digital payments while ensuring secrecy. Electrical bonds – towards Transparency and Accountability: The bonds can only be given through verified bank accounts, leading to the reduced role of black money in funding ..

Topics: 

The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is a non-constitutional body, still, it has wielded immense decision-making powers. Discuss the advantages and issues associated with it, in the context of India.

In India’s Polity, the PMO is a non-constitutional body, and along with a “Kitchen Cabinet”, it is often called the real government, because of the immense decision-making powers that it wields. There are both pros and cons for such high powers. Advantages of immense powers with PMO: With fewer members involved in discussions, the decision-making ..

Topics: