Iraq’s Route of Development

Iraq is undertaking a bold initiative to position itself as a prominent regional transportation center through substantial improvements to its road and rail infrastructure. The project, known as the “Route of Development,” aims to connect Iraq with neighboring countries, boosting economic integration and trade. Led by Prime Minister Mohamed Shia al-Sudani, this initiative seeks to overcome existing challenges and position Iraq as a pivotal player in the movement of goods and people across the Middle East.

Building the Route of Development

The Route of Development is a monumental project designed to span the entire length of Iraq, covering an impressive distance of 1,200 kilometers (745 miles) from the northern border with Turkey to the southern Gulf region. Prime Minister Mohamed Shia al-Sudani unveiled this ambitious plan during a conference attended by representatives from Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates.

Timeframe and Collaboration

While the completion of the Route of Development will require extensive collaboration and further discussions, the estimated timeframe for this monumental endeavor is projected to be three to five years. The project aims to encourage participating countries to contribute to its development, allowing them to engage in specific sections as per their interest and capabilities.

Overcoming Infrastructure Challenges

One of the major challenges facing Iraq’s transportation sector is its dilapidated infrastructure. The country’s roads suffer from potholes and inadequate maintenance, impeding efficient connectivity. However, the Route of Development presents an opportunity to address these issues comprehensively by investing in the reconstruction and upgrading of Iraq’s transportation network.

Connecting to the Gulf and Beyond

Iraq’s strategic geographical location presents a unique advantage for becoming a transportation hub. By linking the Gulf region with Turkey and Europe, the Route of Development aims to tap into the potential of Iraq’s position as a gateway for the movement of goods and people. The project includes the expansion of capacity at the commercial port of Al-Faw, enabling efficient transfer of cargo between maritime and land-based transportation systems.

Train Stations and Regional Integration

As part of the Route of Development, approximately 15 train stations are planned along the route, strategically located in major cities such as Basra, Baghdad, and Mosul. These stations will serve as vital connectors, facilitating the seamless flow of transportation throughout the region. The project envisions strengthening interdependence and fostering economic integration among the participating countries.

Drawing Parallels: The Belt and Road Initiative

Iraq’s transportation aspirations bear resemblance to China’s transformative Belt and Road Initiative. Just as the Belt and Road Initiative aims to connect nations across Asia, Europe, and Africa through extensive infrastructure networks, Iraq’s Route of Development seeks to establish vital connections between the Gulf, Turkey, and Europe. Both initiatives share a common goal of promoting economic growth, facilitating trade, and enhancing regional cooperation.



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