What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Discuss its various applications and scope for development in India.

It is a branch of computer science which deals with creating computers or machines as intelligent as human beings. The term was coined in 1956 by�John McCarthy.

  • Health sector: Faster, cheaper and more accurate diagnosis and thus improving patient outcomes and reducing costs
  • Education Sector: AI can make some of the educational processes automated such as grading, rewarding marks etc. therefore giving educators more time
  • Financial Sector:It can be applied to the personal finance applications and could collect personal data and provide financial advice
  • Gaming: AI has a crucial role in strategic games such as chess, poker, tic-tac-toe, etc.
  • Cyber Security: AI can provide more teeth to�cyber security�and must be explored


  • Lower error rate compared to humans. Better precision and accuracy
  • Better speed
  • Not affected by surrounding environment
  • Replace humans in repetitive, tedious tasks
  • Better user experience through predictive technology
  • Logical i.e. devoid of emotions
  • Can make rational decisions with less or no mistakes

Scope in India: AI can complement Digital India Mission by helping in the big data analysis .Targeted delivery of services, schemes, and subsidy can be further fine-tuned. Weather forecasting models may become proactive and therefore pre-planning for any future mishaps. Disaster management can be faster and more accessible with the help of robots and intelligent machines.


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