Page-3 of 002 - Indian Literature

Examine the Kissa tradition in Punjabi liteature.

Waris Shah was one of the pioneers of the Qissa/Kissa (story) tradition of the Punjabi folk literature. Heer Ranjha and Sohni Mahiwal Punjabi Sufi poetry also influenced other Punjabi literary traditions particularly the Punjabi Qissa, a genre of romantic tragedy which also derived inspiration from Indic, Persian and Quranic sources. The Qissa of Heer Ranjha ..

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Discuss the contribution of Baba Farid and Bulleshah in the development of Vernacular literature in India.

Baba Farid’s most important contributions to Punjabi literature was his development of the language for literary purposes. Whereas Sanskrit, Arabic, Turkish and Persian had historically been considered the languages of the learned and the elite, and used in monastic centres, Punjabi was generally considered a less refined folk language. Although earlier poets had written in ..

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Discuss the various literary sources which inspired Mahatma Gandhi to adopt the idea of Satyagraha.

Mahatma Gandhi’s idea of Satyagraha took inspiration from the following- A Poem of Shamal Bhatt, which he learnt when he was eight year old. Sermon on the Mount (Saying of Jesus) New Testament Bhagavad-Gita Kingdom of God is within you (Leo Tolstoy). Shamal Bhatt was a Gujarati author of 18th century. He is special because, ..

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Examine the contribution of Bhartendu in the proliferation of Hindi Literature.

Bharatendu Harishchandra was a great writer that he is known as father of modern Hindi literature as well as Hindi theatre. His pen name was “Rasa”. Government of India confers the Bharatendu Harishchandra Awards since 1983 to promote original writings in Hindi mass communication. The works of Bharatendu Harishchandra represent the agonies of the people, ..

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Examine the contribution of Premchand in the proliferation of Hindi Literature.

Munshi Premchand was a prolific writer of Hindi Novels that he is known as Upanyas Samrta (King of Novels). He first wrote with a pen name “Nawab Rai”, but subsequently switched to “Premchand”. His works include more than a dozen novels, around 250 short stories, several essays and translations of a number of foreign literary ..

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Elaborate the four phases of the Adhunik kal or the Modern Period in Hindi literature.

The Adhunik kal or the Modern Period in Hindi literature begins in the midth of the 19th century. The Hindi prose evolved in this period. There was a proliferation of the use of Khariboli in poetry in place of Brajbhasha. This period is divided into four phases as follows: Bharatendu Yuga or the Renaissance (1868-1893) ..

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