Page-4 of 002 - Indian Literature

Discuss the evolution of the Hindi Literature.

The history of Hindi poetry, extends over a period of almost one thousand years. Hindi verse literature as a whole can be divided into four yugas (kal) or stages- Adikal (the Early Period) Bhaktikal (the Devotional Period) Ritikal (the Scholastic Period) Adhunikkal (the Modern Period) Adikal Literature of Hindi belongs to the period between 10th ..

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Elaborate the Charyapadas tradition and Mangal-Kāvya tradition in Indian vernacular literature.

Charyapada is considered to be the earliest extant work in the field of Bengali, Assamese, Odiya as well as the Maithili Language. It’s a collection of Buddhist mystical poems or songs belonging to 8th–12th century. These songs have the element of the ritual gathering of practitioners in a tantric feast. The Charyapadas were written by ..

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Write a short note on the Rasarnava and Dakarnava tradition of ancient India.

The early medieval period witnessed considerable development in the literature. However, the quality of the content in them was not that satisfying. It was basically of general imitative and reproductive character. Rasarnava system The Rasarnava is work on Tantra, which deals with metallic preparations and alchemy. It was written in between the 11th and 12th ..

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Examine the contribution of Aryabhatta in the field of science and technology in medieval India.

Aryabhatta was the legendary mathematician of the Gupta Era. He wrote Aryabhattiya and later, Arya-Siddhanta. He worked on the approximation for pi to 3.1416. In trigonometry, he concluded for a triangle, the result of a perpendicular with the half-side is the area. He also worked on the motions of the solar system and calculated the ..

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Elaborate the works of Kalidasa in Sanskrit Drama and poetry.

Kalidasa is an immortal poet and playwright of India and a peerless genius whose works became famous worldwide in modern world. Translation of Kalidasa’s works in numerous Indian and Foreign Languages have spread his fame all of the word and now he ranks among the top poets of all times. Mālavikāgnimitram is the Sanskrit play, ..

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Differentiate between the Purva and Agama texts of Jainism.

The canonical literature of Jainism is claimed to have started from Adinatha, the first tirthankara. It is said that these teachings were forgotten and revived by the Tirthankaras from time to time. The teachings of the Tirthankaras before Mahavir are known as Purva. There were total 14 Purvas which were memorized and passed on through ..

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