Explain the current procedure of appointment of judges in Higher Judiciary.

The judges of the Supreme Court and High Court in India are appointed by President as per article 124(2) and 217 of the constitution. In such appointment, the President is required to hold consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts in the States as he may deem necessary for the purpose. 
For Supreme Court Judges, we have the Collegium System which includes Chief Justice of India and his four senior-most colleagues for appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court. For appointment of High court judges: President appoints judges in consultation with:

  • Chief Justice of India
  • Governor of the State
  • Chief Justice of the High Court

President’s decision is not to be a concurrence of all of them i.e final authority vests in hands of President only.


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