Branches of biology: GK, Current Affairs, Questions, Trivia and News

Micronutrient formulation from KAU

The Kerala Agriculture University has developed a micronutrient formulation to deal with micronutrient deficiencies among the crops. The Sampoorna KAU Multimix was developed in light of the recent reduction in top soil quality as a consequence of heavy rain and floods over the past two years. the formulation is crop specific and can be used ..

Kolkata becomes first city to install RT-PCR machines in India

The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) has installed first of its kind high-end reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) machines in India for quick detection of diseases such as  dengue, tuberculosis and swine flu. The machines will serve as a “third umpire” in situations when medical reports and blood tests reveal contradictory results. Its objective is ..

Arctic Ocean may be invaded by microbes: Study

On 14 Nov, two studies published in the journal Cell found that the diversity of microscopic organisms habiting the Earth’s oceans are the least at the higher latitudes nearer to the poles and increase in a gradient towards the equator. The two studies analysed the diversity of these organisms in samples collected from ocean water ..

2019 edition of World Iodine Deficiency Day (WIDD)

The World Iodine Deficiency Day (WIDD) is observed every year on 21st of October  to raise awareness of iodine deficiency and its devastating effects on brain development. Iodine is an essential micronutrient required for normal thyroid function, growth, and development. Its deficiency is a major cause of preventable mental retardation. In its most severe forms, ..

2019 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019 was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability”. The discoveries made by these scientists have fundamental importance for physiology and have paved the way for promising new ..

Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey

The study “Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey” was commissioned by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The study was carried out between February 2016 and October 2018. About 1.12 lakh children and adolescents (0-19 years) were covered for height and weight measurements, and biological samples from 51,029 children (1-19 years) were taken from all ..

New Combination Strategy may kill Cancer Cells Better

The Indian scientists have explored the possibility of reaching out to cancer cells and triggering their natural programmed death. How does this approach work? The approach uses the combined effect of targeting and inducing a ‘stress’ inside the Endoplasmic Reticulum of tumour cells and administering a small amount of a drug. The laboratory tests on ..

Bombay Blood Group

Bombay blood group is a rare blood group first discovered in Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1952 by Dr Y M Bhende. How it is different from ABO Blood Group System? A, B, AB and O are the four most common blood groups. Each blood group is characterized by a presence of antigen which determines which ..