Onion and Potato Production in India

With 415 Lakh tonnes production; India is third largest producer of Potato after China and Russia. Top potato producing states of India are Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and West Bengal. Most of the varietries of Potato grown in India currently havce been developed by Central Potato Research Institute, Kufri (Himachal Pradesh) so their names are prefixed with Kufri e.g. Kufri Sindhuri, Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Jyoti, Kufri Lauvkar, Kufri Badshah, Kufri Bahar, Kufri Swarna, Kufri Ashoka, Kufri Pukhraj, Kufri Kanchan and so on.


With some 194 Lakh tonnes of Onion Production in 2013-14; India is second largest producer of Onion in the world. India’s largest onion producing states are Maharashtra, Bihar, Karnataka  and Gujarat. Key Onion varieties include Pusa White Flat, Pusa White Round, Pusa Madhavi, Arka Kalyan, Arka Niketan, etc.

Constraints in vegetables production

  1. Lack of planning in Production
  2. Non-availability of seeds of improved varieties.
  3. High cost of basic production elements
  4. Inadequate plant protection measures and non-availability of resistant varieties.
  5. Weak marketing facilities
  6. Transportation limits
  7. Post harvest losses
  8. Abiotic stresses.

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