Inclusion of tribes from 5 states in ST category
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently gave nod for the inclusion of tribes of five states in the Scheduled Tribes (ST) category.
- The Union Cabinet has approved the inclusion of tribes from Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Uttar Pradesh in the ST category.
- It has included 12 communities to the ST list.
- Among them is the Hattee Community living in the Trans-Giri region in Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh.
- This community is named based on its traditional occupation of selling home-grown crops, vegetables, meat and wool at small-town markets called haats.
- It has been demanding ST status since 1967, when the status was granted to people living in Jaunsar Bawar area in Uttarakhand, which shares a border with the Sirmaur district.
- Other communities that were recently granted ST status were Gond along with their five sub-castes in Bhadohi District of Uttar Pradesh, Betta-Kuruba community in Karnataka, Binjhia in Chhattisgarh and Narikuravan and Kuruvikaran in Tamil Nadu.
- The Narikuravans and Kuruvikarans in Tamil Nadu have been demanding ST status since 1965 based the recommendations by the Lokur Panel. They were earlier recognized as the Most Backward Community.
- This community is mostly involved in traditional occupation of hunter-gathering and selling of bead necklaces.
- The Union Cabinet has included the Betta-Kuruba community as synonym of “Kadu Kuruba” in the ST list.
- Betta-Kuruba tribe in Karnataka’s Chamarajnagar, Kodagu and Mysuru districts have been demanding ST status for the past 3 decades but have not been granted because of spelling errors and similar sounding names.
- The newly listed communities in the ST list would benefit from existing schemes targeting the Scheduled Tribes in the country.
- Some of these benefits include post-matric scholarship, overseas scholarship and the national fellowship, concessional loans from the National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation, and hostels for students.
- Members of these communities would also benefit from reservations in services and admissions in educational institutions.
Category: India Nation & States Current Affairs