Agenda 21

Agenda 21 is yet another outcome of the 1992 Earth Summit. It is the “Voluntary” action plan of the United Nations (UN) related to sustainable development. This 40 point document was a comprehensive blueprint of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the UN, governments, and major groups in every area in which humans directly affect the environment.

For implementation of these points a Commission on Sustainable Development was established as a high level forum on sustainable development. The United Nations Division for Sustainable Development acts as the secretariat to the Commission and works ‘within the context of’ Agenda 21.

  • Rio+5 : The Rio+5 was the special session of the UN General Assembly organized in 1997 for appraisal of five years of progress on the implementation of Agenda 21.
  • LA21 : Local programmes as per recommended in Agenda 21 are known as ‘Local Agenda 21’ or ‘LA21’.