Mortality rate among Indian girls below age of five higher than the boys: UN Report

As per recently released report of United Nations (UN), mortality rate among Indian girls below the age of five higher than the boys.
It was mentioned in recently published UN Report titled The World’s Women 2015.
Key facts

  • Men have outnumbered women in southern Asia, eastern Asia, Oceania and western Asia.
  • India is among the countries having largest surplus population of men and worrying under-five sex ratio.
  • Number of girls in India dying before the age of five (Mortality rate) is relatively higher compared to the boys.
  • In case of India: Higher mortality rate among girls is closely related to a general preference for sons.
  • Special treatment for boys in terms of parental investment in nutrition, access to health treatment, vaccinations and parental care is main reason for less under-five sex ratio.
  • Though, sex-selective abortions have been technically banned since 1996 by enacting stringent laws there has been little effect so far on the sex ratio at birth.
  • Labour force: Between 1995 and 2013, women’s participation in the labour force has declined from 72 to 64 per cent in case of China and from 35 to 27 per cent in India.
  • Child marriage: It is the most common practice in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. India accounts for one-third of the total global child brides.



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