While India and Myanmar were closely related historically, the two nations had drifted a little apart in the recent past. However, the bilateral relations between Myanmar and India have majorly improved since 1993 by overcoming tensions which were the results of years of drug trafficking, the suppression of democratic institutions and the rule of the military junta in Myanmar.
Why it matters?
However, given Myanmar’s strategic location,? (it shares a 1600 km border with Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India).
The nation of Myanmar is a key facet of India?s Act East Policy which aims to prioritize and improve relations with its East Asian neighbors. This has lead to India steadily increasing defense co-operation with Myanmar in recent years.
Why is it in the news?
On the sidelines of the visit of ?Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services (CDS) of the Republic of Union of Myanmar who is currently on a visit to India, India and Myanmar have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on defense co-operation. Also during the visit, bilateral talks that aimed to enhance defense co-operation, review joint exercises and provide specialized training to the Myanmar Defence Services as well as measures to strengthen maritime security were carried by senior dignitaries of both nations.?
The dignitaries also discussed measures for joint surveillance and capacity building between armed forces of both nations, measures for medical co-operation, plans for pollution response and for developing new infrastructure.