What are the criteria of ranking countries in the Economist Intelligence Unit's Global Democracy Index? Critically discuss India's rank in the recent released Global Democracy Index.
Published: February 10, 2018
The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy Index is based on five categories :
- Civil liberties;
- Functioning of government;
- Political participation
- Political culture
- Electoral process and pluralism
India is the world’s largest democracy and commits itself to celebrate the diversity. This slip in ranking to 42nd from 32nd is not a welcome sign for India. The slipping of the ranking of India is due to:
- Moral policing and cow vigilantism: Country has witnessed numerous law and order issues due to this moral policing and cow vigilantism.
- Increasing Intolerance: There is rising fundamentalism and intolerance leading to disharmony and friction in the society.
- Increasing restrictions on media: The establishment is often resorting to restrictions on media and internet blockade to address the increasing disturbances in Kashmir and naxal affected areas.
- Murder of Journalists and liberal thinkers like Gauri lankesh which is creating a fear psychosis
- Low female participation in legislatures and Parliament: Women MPs in parliament are just 14%.
- Increasing nepotism in the political parties
- Increasing money power in elections.
- Increased disruptions and fewer discussions in parliament.
- Criminalization of politics
Democracy is not just about elections. It also assures freedom of expression and liberty. A synchronized effort by the government, citizens and civil society is the need of the hour to ensure the democracy is upheld in true spirit.
Model Questions Category: 058 - Indian Economy Issues Relating to Planning