Pathogenic bacteria Current Affairs, GK & News

Researchers at IIT Guwahati develop portable device to detect bacteria without cell culture or microbiological assays

The researchers at IIT Guwahati have developed a low-cost portable device to detect bacteria without cell culture or microbiological assays. The hand-held device with bio-compatible sensor can also diagnose time-critical illnesses such as meningitis. The bacterial infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Despite the development of a range of ..

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ESKAPE

ESKAPE is an acronym standing for bacterial pathogens commonly associated with antimicrobial resistance. ESKAPE is group of pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species). ESKAPE pathogens are considered the leading cause of nosocomial (hospitalborn) and hospital acquired infections throughout the world. Two, an Indian company, Bangalore-based Bugworks Research, has ..

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Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP)

It is an indigenous vaccine for leprosy, developed by National Institute of Immunology. This vaccine is to be administered to those living in close contact with infected people. MIP is now being introduced into the National Leprosy Elimination Programme (NLEP) It is also the first vaccine on leprosy and has shown capability to bring down ..

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Suicide Bomber Bacteria engineered

Recently, researchers in the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore engineered a strain of E. Coli that can detect signs of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a leading cause of infection that can be fatal to patients with weak immune systems. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a hospital superbug resistant to antibiotics. This specially designed bacteria produces a toxin that is ..

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BCG: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (or Bacille Calmette-Guérin

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (or Bacille Calmette-Guérin, BCG) is a vaccine against tuberculosis that is prepared from a strain of the attenuated (weakened) live bovine tuberculosis bacillus, Mycobacterium bovis, that has lost its virulence in humans by being specially cultured in an artificial medium for years. The bacilli have retained enough strong antigenicity to become a somewhat ..

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