Savannah Biome: Extent, Ecology, Types, Soil, Fauna and Flora

A Savannah is a grassland ecosystem. In Savannah, the trees are sufficiently small or widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting grasses. Distribution of Savannahs Savannah covers approximately 20% of the Earth’s land area. The largest […]


Tropical and Temperate Deciduous Forests

The deciduous biomes lie on the margin of equatorial and tropical rain forest. The deciduous trees lose their leaves during the dry season just a few months before the advent of summer rains. The monsoon forest average 15m high with no continuous canopy of leaves. Caatinga of Brazil is a suitable example. The others are […]

Tropical Rainforests: Extent, Type, Soil, Ecosystem and Biodiversity

The tropical rainforest is earth’s most complex biome in terms of both structure and species diversity. It occurs under optimal growing conditions: abundant precipitation and year round warmth. The World Wildlife Fund’s biome classification puts the tropical rainforests under Tropical Moist Broadleaf Forest. Distribution of Tropical Rainforests The Tropical rain forests is roughly located within […]

Tundra Biome: Features, Types, Ecosystem

The word Tundra is derived of a Finnish word “tunturi” which means treeless mountain tract. In Tundra Biome, the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The vegetation in Tundra is composed of Dwarf Shrubs, mosses, lichens etc. Some scattered trees are also found. The ecological boundary (ecotone) between the tundra […]