Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture – Update (March, 2023)
The horticulture sector is an essential component of the Indian agricultural economy, providing livelihoods to millions of farmers and contributing significantly to the country’s GDP. Recognizing the importance of this sector, the Indian government launched the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) in 2014. This centrally sponsored scheme aims to promote comprehensive development of horticulture in the country, with the goal of facilitating sustainable and inclusive growth.
Financial Contributions and Objectives of MIDH
The scheme operates with a central government contribution of 60% of the total outlay for developmental programs in all states except those in the North East and Himalayas, where it contributes 90%. The remaining 40% is contributed by state governments. The objectives of the scheme include improving productivity and quality of horticultural crops, promoting sustainable production practices, enhancing post-harvest management, and developing value chains for horticulture products.
Establishment of Centers of Excellence (CoEs)
To achieve these objectives, the government has established Centers of Excellence (CoEs) under the MIDH mission. These CoEs act as training centers for farmers and horticulture professionals to learn about the latest technologies, techniques, and practices in the horticulture sector. As of now, 49 CoEs have been established in various states through bilateral cooperation or research institutes. Recently, the government approved the establishment of three new CoEs – CoEs for Kamlam (Dragon Fruit), Cor for Mango and Vegetables, and CoE for Vegetables and Flowers.
Importance of CoEs
The CoEs play a crucial role in promoting the growth and development of the horticulture sector in India. They act as centers of excellence and serve as hubs for research and development, training and capacity building, and dissemination of knowledge and information. The CoEs also help in the identification and dissemination of best practices and technologies, and in the development of high-quality planting material.
The CoEs are equipped with the latest technologies and infrastructure to provide farmers and horticulture professionals with hands-on training and practical experience in various aspects of horticulture, including crop production, post-harvest management, marketing, and value addition. They also undertake research and development activities in collaboration with research institutes and universities to identify and develop new varieties of crops, improve production practices, and address the challenges faced by the horticulture sector.
Category: Government Schemes Current Affairs