IAS Mains (1997) General Studies Paper II

General Studies Paper – II

Time Allowed : Three Hours

Maximum Marks : 300

Each Question is printed both in Hindi and in

Answer must be written in the Medium specified in the Admission Certificate
issued to you, Which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-book in
the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answers
written in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

Candidates Should attempt all Question strictly in accordance with the
instructions given under each question.

The number of Marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the


1. Answer any two of the following
(150 words) :  15×2=30
(a) Discuss the major irritants in Indo-China relations and highlight the latest
moves to overcome these

(b) How did U.S. respond to the problem of Cross-border terrorism in the State
of Jammu and Kashmir after the Kaluchak events?

(c) Account for India’s opposition to CTBT.
2. Answer the following (about 20 words) :   2×5=10
(a) Explain India’s stand on LTTE.

(b) What does ‘Gujral doctrine’ stand for?

(c) How does India benefit from good neighbourly relations with Bangladesh?

(d) What do you know about ‘Pinaka’?

(e) Explain India’s ‘No first Use’ policy in context of Nuclear weapons.
3. Answer the following (about 20 words each) :   2×5=10
(a) What are the problems NRIs have to face if they decide to settle in India?

(b) What was India Millenium Deposit Scheme?

(c) What has been the impact of Gulf remittances on India’s economy?

(d) Name the nodal agency to deal with issues relating to Indians abroad and
explain its main task.

(e) What is the distinction between NRI and ‘People of India origin’.
4. Answer any one of the following (about 250 words) :   30
(a) Outline the main targets fixed in the National Population policy 2000. What
have been the follow up measures to this policy?

(b) The main thrust of the EXIM Policy 2002-07 is on creating a framework for
enhancing India’s export capability. In the light of this statement outline the

features of EXIM Policy 2002-07.
5. Answer any two of the following (about 150 words) :  
(a) What are ‘Minimum Support Prices’ in agricultural products? What are their

(b) Outline the main objectives and achievements of the ploicy of disinvestment
in India?

(c) With what objectives was ‘Essential Commodities Act 1955’ amended last year?

6. Answer the following ( about 20 words)   2×15=30
(a) What is the peak rate of Custom duty? What are its objectives in India?

(b) Define fiscal deficit.

(c) Explain the provision of OGL.

(d) Elucidate ‘Special Economic Zones’

(e) Highlight the salien feature of ‘National Highway Development Project’

(f) What is the role of SEBI

(g) Explain RBI’s Automatic Route in FDIs.

(h) With what objectives was the ‘Annapurna’ scheme launched?

(i) Elucidate ‘Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana’

(j) The union budget 2002-03 recommended some servi ces to be taxed. Name any 4
of these services.

(k) What is dumping? What is its objective?

(l) What do you understand by ‘Capital account Convertibility’ of Rupee?

(m) Define Sex ration in the population of India. What is its present status?

(n) Distinguish between ad-valorem and specific duties.

(o) Define zero-based budget.
7. Answer any two of the following (about 150 words) :  15×2=30

(a) Highlight the main points of Nuclear Disarmament treaty signed by US
President George Bush and Russian Prez Vladimir Putin in May 2002.

(b) Outline the features of latest Saudi Peace Plan for West Asia Crisis and
assess its importance.

(c) “NAM is relevant in Unipolar Worls as well”. Comment.
8. Answer the following (about 20 words) :   2×5=10
(a) What do the following stand for ?

(i) WCAR

(ii) SPDC


(iv) WIPO

(b) Why was Bander Seri Begawan in news recently?

(c) Who is Xanana Gusmao?

(d) What do you mean by Uni-polar world?

(e) What do you know about the North-South dialogue?
9. Answer the following (about 20 words) :   2×5=10
(a) What do the following stand for?


(ii) UNIDO

(iii) WTO

(iv) MIGA

(b) What is meant by AU?

(c) Explain U.S. stand on the proposal for establishing an International Crime

(d) What is the main purpose of G-15?

(e) Why is SAFTA being mooted?
10. Answer  any one of the following (about 250 words) :  30

(a) Plastic hazards – Discuss.

(b) Discuss in detail “The internet telephony as an alternative”.
11. Answer any two of the following (150 words)  15×2=30
(a) What are the fundamental constants and their use in measurement system?

(b) Discuss about ‘Environment’, its components and
its awareness.

(c) What is Human Cloning? Is it dangerous or
beneficial? Discuss.
12. Answer the following (about 20 words) :   2×5=10
(a) What is digital camera?

(b) What is firewall in computer language?

(c) What is multimedia?

(d) What do the following stand for?

(i) HTML

(ii) FTP

(iii) MFLOPS


(e) What is Piracy?
13.  Answer the following:   2×8=16

(a) The figures below give the revenue expenditure
in U.P. on education in crore of rupees for the last 3 years:


Particulars Expenditure (crore Rs.)
1998-99 99-00 00-01
Primary Education 68.00 78.00 118.00
Secondary Education 40 45 74
Special Education 30 35 45
University and Higher Education 50 52 56
Technical Education 35 38 42
Sports and Youth Welfare 20 22 30


Represent the above information by suitable diagram.

(b) Represent the following data by frequency polygon:


Weekly Wages (Rs.) No. of workers
0 – 10 10
10 – 20 15
20 – 40 18
40 – 70 60
70 – 100 45
100 – 120 40
120 – 150 30


14. Answer the following:

(a) The life of 2 models A & B of refrigrators in a
recent survey is tabulated as follows :


Life (no. of years) Model A Model B
0 – 2 5 2
2 – 4 16 7
4 – 6 13 12
6 – 8 7 19
8 – 10 5 9
10 – 12 4 1


(i) What is the average life of each model of these

(ii) Which model shows more uniformity?   2+6=8

(b) The following table shows the distribution of 100 families according to
their expenditure per week. Number of families corresponding to the expenditure
groups Rs.

(10-20) and Rs. (30-40) are missing from the table.
The median and mode for the distribution are Rs. 25 and Rs. 24 respectively.
Calculate the missing frequencies :


Expenditure (Rs.) No. of families
0 – 10 14
10 – 20  –
20 – 30 27
30 – 40  –
40 – 50 15


15. Answer the following :
(a) The average rainfall of a certain place for Monday to Saturday is 15 inches.
Due to heavy rainfall on Sunday, the average rainfall of the week rose to 25
inches. How much rainfall was there on Sunday?
(b) The following are the info pertaining to employees of a factory :
Total no. of employees                          100

Avg. salary of all employees                  Rs. 5000
Avg. salary of male employees              Rs. 5200
Avg. salary of female employees           Rs. 4200
What is the no. of male and female employees?
(c) If each calue in a sample size of 15 is multiplied by 10, then whether the
mean will be changed, justify your answer. What will happen to the mean if 12 is
subtracted from each value?
(d) A person owns 2 companies A & B. He invested Rs. 10 Lakh to establish Co. A
and Rs. 10 crore to establish Co. B. The average profits earned from both the
companies are the same. Which of the 2 companies is better from profit earning
point view? Justify your answer.