GK & Current Affairs : June 11, 2016

1. Which of the following pollutants is responsible for highest number of premature mortalities in India?
[C]Carbon Monoxide
[D]Nitrous oxide
Answer: PM2.5
PM2.5 and ground level Ozone are held responsible for the maximum number of premature mortalities in India. PM2.5 causes respiratory irritation or breathing difficulties or Asthma, and sometimes may prove fatal.
2. Who is the head of the newly created committee by NITI Aayog for land policy cell?
[A]T. Haque
[B]T. S. Thakur
[C]Shah Nawaz Khan
[D]Anil R. Dave
Answer: T. Haque
T Haque was the chairman of Commission for Agriculture Costs and Prices, and now has been appointed the head of the newly created land policy cell in the NITI Aayog. T Haque was among the prime mover behind the Model Land Leasing Act.
3. Exercise Anakonda 2016 (AN16), the joint military exercise has started in which country?
Answer: Poland
The 10-day long military training exercise, Anakonda 2016 (AN16) has started in Poland from June 7, 2016. It is the most important and the largest training exercise of the Polish Armed Forces in 2016. The purpose of Anakonda–16 is to check the abilities of NATO to defend the territory of the eastern flank of North Atlantic Alliance. It involves 31,000 soldiers from 19 NATO countries and five partner countries, including approximately 12,000 Polish troops.
4. Which country has recently joined Europe-led plan to tackle tax evasion and corruption?
Answer: India
The Government of India (GoI) has recently joined a group of nearly 40 nations that have signed a Europe-led clampdown on tax evasion and corruption. These 40 countries have committed to the initiative to automatically exchange information on beneficial ownership. Besides India, some of the other countries outside Europe on the list include Afghanistan, Nigeria, Mexico and the UAE. The initiative aims to develop a global standard for the automatic exchange of beneficial ownership data between law enforcement agencies and tax authorities of partner countries. Most European countries except Switzerland are part of this automatic exchange mechanism.
5. Who among the following has become the first Indian to win the Mumbai Mayor’s International Open Chess Tournament 2016?
[A]Himal Gusain
[B]Diptayan Ghosh
[C]Swapnil S Dhopade
[D]NR Visakh
Answer: NR Visakh
NR Visakh, the Tamil Nadu teenager and International Master, has created history by becoming the first Indian to won the 9th edition of Mumbai Mayor’s International Open Chess Tournament 2016.
6. Which country is hosting the 2016 UEFA European football championship?
Answer: France
France is the host nation of the 15th edition of UEFA European football championship 2016 (Euro 2016). It is scheduled from 10 June to 10 July 2016. For the first time, the European Championship final tournament will be contested by 24 teams. Under this new format, the finalists will contest a group stage consisting of six groups of four teams, followed by a knockout stage including three rounds and the final. The winning team of Euro 2016 earns the right to compete at the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup hosted by Russia.
7. The book “The Gene: An Intimate History” has been authored by whom?
[A]Randall Munroe
[B]Siddhartha Mukherjee
[C]Yuval Noah Harari
[D]Richard P. Feynman
Answer: Siddhartha Mukherjee
The book “The Gene: An Intimate History” has been authored by Siddhartha Mukherjee, who is the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of the book “The Emperor of All Maladies”. The book is a magnificent history of the gene and a response to the defining question of the future: What becomes of being human when we learn to read and write our own genetic information?. In other words, it is a magnificent synthesis of the science of life, and forces all to confront the essence of that science as well as the ethical and philosophical challenges to our conception of what constitutes being human.
8. Which pay review panel has been constituted for academic staff of Universities and Colleges?
[A]Satish Ghosh panel
[B]Ashok Dalwai panel
[C]V S Chauhan panel
[D]Neeraj Kumar Gupta panel
Answer: V S Chauhan panel
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has constituted a 5-member committee for pay revision of academic staff of Universities and Colleges. The Pay Revision Committee will be chaired by UGC member Prof V S Chauhan and it will submit its report in six months. The panel will examine the present structure of emoluments and service conditions of university and college teachers, librarians, physical education personnel and other academic staff. The panel will also suggest revision in the pay structure, taking into account the minimum qualifications, career advancement opportunities and benefits like superannuation benefits, medical and housing facilities. It will also make recommendations on the ways and means for attracting and retaining talented persons in the teaching profession among other things.
9. Who has been bestowed with the Regius Professorship in Manufacturing by Queen Elizabeth II?
[A]Mahesh Kumar Singla
[B]Kumar Bhattacharyya
[C]Divakar Reddy
[D]H R Nagendra
Answer: Kumar Bhattacharyya
Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya, the well-known Indian-origin professor, has been bestowed with the prestigious Regius Professorship in Manufacturing by Queen Elizabeth II for his outstanding contribution in manufacturing. He is the founder of the Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG) at the University of Warwick. Throughout his career, he has advised the UK government on manufacturing, innovation, and technology, including former Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair.
10. The 2016 Malabar trilateral naval exercise has started between which of the following countries?
[A]India, Germany and France
[B]India, Iran and Turkey
[C]India, Japan and United States
[D]India, Afghanistan and Russia
Answer: India, Japan and United States
The 2016 Malabar trilateral naval exercise has started in Japan. The harbor phase of the exercise would be held at Sasebo from June 10 to June 13 and the sea phase in the Pacific Ocean from June 14 to June 17. The exercise is in line with India’s ‘Act East’ policy. In it, the naval ships of United States, India and Japan will participate to advance multi-national maritime relationships and mutual security issues. The exercise will support maritime security in the Indo-Pacific region and benefit the global maritime community. .

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