India-China Border Dispute: Troops disengaged in Gogra region of Eastern Ladakh

India and China have agreed to disengage their troops in the Gogra region of eastern Ladakh.

Key Facts

  • Both sides have agreed to restore the Line of Actual Control in the area.
  • Troop disengagement process was carried after 15 months of face-off as a result troop of both sides are back to their respective permanent bases.
  • Temporary structures and other allied infrastructure created by both sides have been dismantled and mutually verified.
  • As per the disengagement agreement, Line of Actual Control in Gogra will be strictly observed and both sides will respect it. Both sides will ensure that, there is no unilateral change in status quo.

Area of conflict

India and China were engaged at six flashpoints. Out of six, troops from both sides have now backed down in four flashpoints including at Galwan and North & South banks of the Pangong Lake. However, standoffs in Depsang and Hot Springs continue.

Background

Border standoff between militaries of India and China started on May 5 in 2020 after a violent clash in the Pangong lake area. Both sides gradually enhanced their deployment and rushed in tens of thousands of soldiers and heavy weaponry. Both sides are having about 50,000 to 60,000 troops along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in sensitive sector.

Line of Actual Control (LAC)

LAC is the demarcation separating Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. According to India, LAC is about 3,488 km long but according to China, it is about 2,000 km. LAC is divided into three sectors:

  1. Eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim,
  2. Middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and
  3. Western sector in Ladakh.

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