elections in india

Right to Recall

March 17, 2017

This article examines the proposal to amend the Representation of People Act, 1951 in such a way that it allows voters to recall the elected MPs/ MLAs if people are not satisfied by their conduct. The Representation of People Act, 1951 was enacted in 1951 under Article...

Q+A: Model Code of Conduct

February 3, 2017

Model Code of Conduct was recently in news when government’s move to advance the Union Budget was questioned by the opposition parties in a fear that budget proposals may influence voters in the poll bound states. Here we look at the basic facts and fundamentals of MCC:...

2013 Amendment to RoPA, Jan Chowkidar and Lily Thomas Case

March 27, 2016

The Jan Chowkidar (People’s watch) is a Patna based NGO. Its plea in Supreme Court had created a lots of political drama back in 2013. The plea was around the Sections 62 of the RoPA 1951. Section 62 of the act said that: Only an elector can...

Various Amendments of Representation of Peoples Acts

March 27, 2016

The Representation of Peoples Acts have been amended for several times, often witnessing a progressive improvement in the election process and sometimes reflecting the tussle between the executive and judiciary. The notable changes made in various amendments are as follows: 1956 Amendment In the 1956 amendment, it...

Regulatory Framework on Political Parties in India

March 27, 2016

In the constitution, the only reference to political parties is found in the 10th schedule (disqualification). Framing and administering the rules for political parties comes under EC.  EC has the ultimate power to register or deny the registration of any association of people as a political party...

Voting Rights of Defence Personnel in India

March 27, 2016

The Supreme Court of India on March 24 2014, directed the Election Commission to allow the Armed Forces voters to vote like general electors in the places of their posting(only in peace areas and not on border areas). It should be noted that the term ‘Armed Forces’...

Universal Adult Suffrage in India

March 27, 2016

The right of the people to vote and elect their representatives is called franchise. Adult franchise means that the right to vote should be given to all adult citizens without the discrimination of caste, class, colour, religion or sex. It demands that the right to vote should...

Merits and Demerits of Direct and Indirect Elections

March 27, 2016

In direct elections, people directly vote for the candidates and elect their representatives. The following are examples of direct elections in which people over the age of 18 years participate by casting their votes: Lok Sabha elections, in which the Members of Parliament (MP) are elected. Elections...

Restriction on Number of Seats to Contest in Elections in India

March 27, 2016

Section 33(7) of the RPA permits a candidate to contest any election (parliamentary, assembly, biennial council, or bye-elections) from up to two constituencies, presumably to accord greater flexibility to candidates and increase their chances of winning a seat. Sub-section (7) was introduced through a 1996 amendment, prior...

NOTA Versus Right to Reject

March 27, 2016

The proposal to introduce negative voting to reject all the candidates if voters found them unsuitable was first discussed by the Law Commission in its 170th Report in 1999, as part of its “alternative method of election” Introducing NOTA guarantees the secrecy in casting a negative or...

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