Prior to the liberalization of Economy, India’s tax regime suffered numerous problems. These problems which were in vogue in 1960s and 1970s were as follows: There was a high degree of progressiveness (rich needed to pay exorbitant taxes). On the other hand, tax collection efficiency was very low (rich were smart enough to evade tax).
Raja Chelliah played a major role in reforming Indian economic policies. He was the main architect of the tax reforms programme when the economic reforms were implemented in 1991. He is often referred to as “The Father of Tax Reforms”. After working as Chief of the Fiscal Analysis Division in the Fiscal Affairs Department of
Prior to the liberalization of Economy, India’s tax regime was marred with numerous problems. In terms of direct taxes, there was a high degree of progressiveness in 1960s and 1970s that led to adverse effect on tax collection efficiency. Further, there were large number of exemptions eroded the already narrow tax base in the country.