Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

51. Consider the following statements:

  1. The PAs are constituted and governed under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972
  2. Protected areas can be declared by both central as well as state governments

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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52. Consider the following statements about the Bio Toilet Project in Indian Railways:

  1. The bio-toilets are joint initiative of Indian Railways and DRDO
  2. The human excreta in the bio-toilets is treated through anaerobic digestion process
  3. The bio toilet reduces the solid human waste to biogas and pure water

 Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 3 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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53. Which of the following islands has been tagged as the remotest and the most polluted island in the world after researchers recorded the highest density of plastic waste on the island than anywhere else in the world?

[A] Henderson Island
[B] Falkland Island
[C] Majuli Island
[D] Sumatra Island

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54. Which of the following is India’s first green railway corridor?

[A] Barmer-Munawab
[B] Manamadurai to Rameswaram
[C] Chennai to Manamadurai
[D] Puri to Visakhapatnam

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55. Consider the following statements about the “Dr Ambedkar Scheme for Social Integration”:

  1. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development
  2. The scheme promotes inter-caste marriage in the country

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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56. Consider the following:
1. Hawksbill Turtle
2. Leather back Turtle
3. Blackbuck
4. Swamp deer Which among the above is / are protected species in India?

[A] Only 1, 2 & 3
[B] Only 2, 3 & 4
[C] Only 1, 3 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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57. With reference to the International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS), consider the following statements:
1. Its main objective is to promote climate resilient farming in the developing countries
2. It is also known as Environmental Red Cross
Which among the above is / are correct statements?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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58. Identify the national park with the help of given information:

  1. It was founded in 1970 and declared as a national park in 1974
  2. It is the first biological park in India to have a fenced forested elephant sanctuary
  3. It is also the first in the country to have a “butterfly conservatory”

Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Bhitarkanika National Park
[B] Balphakram National Park
[C] Bannerghatta National Park
[D] Betla National Park

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59. Identify the fauna with the help of given information:

  1. This species is found south of Brahmaputra and east of the Dibang River
  2. It is listed on Schedule-1 of the Indian (Wildlife) Protection Act 1972.
  3. It is the only species of apes inhabiting the country

Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Hoolock gibbons
[B] Lion Tailed Macaque
[C] Orangutans
[D] Assamese Macaque

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60. Which of the following best describes autogenic succession?

[A] It is the succession brought about by autotrophes
[B] It is the ecological succession brought about by the living inhabitants of the community itself
[C] It is the succession brought about by the external forces
[D] It is the succession brought about in ecosystem not inhabited

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