Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs

Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity Multiple choice questions for GK paper in SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations.

51. Consider the following statements about the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL):

  1. It is a statutory committee chaired by the Prime Minister
  2. Its mandate is to promote conservation of wildlife and protected Areas

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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52. Consider the following statements about Green Bonds, which were recently making news: 

  1. Green bond provides issuers access to specific set of global investors who invest only in green ventures
  2. Both private and public sector organizations can raise capital with the help of Green bonds

   Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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53.  Consider the following pollutants:

  1. Black carbon (BC) 
  2. Tropospheric Ozone
  3. Hydrofluorocarbon
  4. Methane

Which of the above are Short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs)?

[A] 1, 2 & 3 Only
[B] 2 & 4 Only
[C] 1, 2 & 4 Only
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

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54.  Consider the following statements about the Cattle Genomics Scheme:

  1. It is an initiative of Ministry of Science and Technology
  2. It aims to increase the productivity of indigenous cattle through Genome sequencing of indigenous cattle breeds

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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55.  Consider the following statements about the Indian Long Term Ecological Observatories (I-LTEO) programme:

  1. It was launched at the climate conference CoP21 in Paris, France 
  2. It aims to understand the biophysical and anthropogenic drivers of ecosystem change

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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56. Identify the climate pollutant with the help of given information:

  1. It is the most abundant reactive trace gas in the atmosphere and arises from both natural and anthropogenic sources.
  2. This gas is 30 times more powerful than carbon dioxide in its heat-trapping potential.
  3. Agriculture and dairy farming are the most significant human sources of this gas while wetlands and oceans form the natural sources.
  4. It’s a common fabric, plastic, anti-freeze and fertilizer ingredient.

Select the correct answer from options given below:

[A] Sulfur Hexafluoride
[B] Methane
[C] Nitrous Oxide
[D] Carbon Monoxide

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57. Consider the following statements about the newly signed “Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons”:

  1. It is the first multilateral legally-binding treaty for nuclear disarmament
  2. India is a signatory to the treaty

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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58. As per recent research, the new technology based on CRISPR called “Gene Drive” is capable to eradicate which of the following diseases?

[A] Cancer
[B] Malaria
[C] Diabetes
[D] Zika virus disease

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59. Which among the following is / are advantages of the Captive Breeding Programme for protection of wildlife fauna?
1. It eliminated the need to preserve critical habitats.
2. It is comparatively easy for highly mobile species such as migratory birds
3. It can be used to enhance the genetic diversity

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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60. Which among the following animals are found in wild in India’s biodiversity hotspots? 1. Red Panda 2. Slow Loris 3. Lion Tailed Macaque Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

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