Who is referred to as “The Wizard of Menlo Park”?
Great scientist, inventor and businessman Thomas Alva Edison was called “The Wizard of Menlo Park”. He developed phonograph, the motion picture camera, and electric light bulb. He is counted among the first inventors who applied principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory. He was also known to hold 1,093 U.S. patents and many in UK and other countries in his name. His first industrial research lab was built in Menlo Park, New Jersey. Edison, a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States is named after him. He was the founder of General Electric. In 1890 he had brought together several of his business interests under one corporation to form Edison General Electric. However, in 1892, Thomson-Houston Company, under the leadership of Charles A. Coffin, gained access to a number of key patents through the acquisition of a number of competitors thus forming General Electric by merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Company.