Tropical and Temperate Deciduous Forests

The deciduous biomes lie on the margin of equatorial and tropical rain forest. The deciduous trees lose their leaves during the dry season just a few months before the advent of summer rains. The monsoon forest average 15m high with no continuous canopy of leaves. Caatinga of Brazil is a suitable example. The others are Chaco in Paraguay and northern Argentina, the brigalow scrub of Australia, and the dorveld of South Africa. The tropical deciduous forest are also found in Angola, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, North-Eastern Thailand, Zambia, And Zimbabwe. The wood of the trees, especially teak wood is valuable for fine cabinetry. In addition, some of the trees with dry season adaption produce usable waxes and gums, such as carnauba and palm-hard waxes. Trees include Maple, many Oaks, Elm, Aspen, and Birch, among others, as well as a number of coniferous genera, such as Larch and Metasequoia. Deciduous shrubs include honeysuckle, viburnum, and many others.

Most temperate woody vines are also deciduous, including grapes, poison ivy, virginia creeper, wisteria, etc. The characteristic is useful in plant identification; for instance in parts of Southern California and the American Southeast, deciduous and evergreen oak species may grow side by side.

Temperate deciduous forest has a temperate of 4 seasons. Temperate deciduous forests get about 950 to 1500 millimeters of rain annually, which is the second most of all the biomes. They have summer highs of about 27 to 32° Celsius with winter highs temperatures of around -1 to -15° Celsius.

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