Silk Production in India

  • India is second largest producer of silk in the World, after
    China.

Varieties:

Among the four varieties of silk produced, as in 2008- 09, the share of the 4 varieties is as follows:

  1. Mulberry accounts for 85% (15610 MT),
  2. Eri 11.1%(2038 MT),
  3. Tasar 3.3%(603 MT)
  4. Muga 0.6% (119 MT)

Employment:

Sericulture Provides gainful occupation to around 63 Lakh persons in rural and semi-urban areas in India.

Central Silk Board

Central Silk Board is a statutory body, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India. Established in 1948, by an Act of Parliament, the CSB has been entrusted with the overall responsibility of developing silk industry

covering the full gamut of sericulture activities in the country from development of food plants to silk cocoons for production of silk yarn including formation of policies governing Import & Export of silk. CSB is basically an R&D Organization. One of the important activities of the CSB is undertaking, assisting and encouraging scientific, technological and economic research in the Silk Sector.

India’s Important Silk Centers:

State

Silk Centers

Andhra Pradesh

Dharmavaram, Pochampalli, Venkatagiri, Narainpet

Assam

Sualkuchi

Bihar

Bhagalpur

Gujarat

Surat, Cambay

Jammu & Kashmir

Srinagar

Karnataka

Bangalore, Anekal, Ilkal, Molakalmuru, Melkote, Kollegal

Chattisgarh

Champa, Chanderi, Raigarh

Maharashtra

Paithan

Tamil Nadu

Kanchipuram, Arni, Salem, Kumbhakonam, Tanjavur

Uttar Pradesh

Varanasi

West Bengal

Bishnupur,  Murshidabad, Birbhum

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