Different Types of Rajput Paintings

Rajput painting is one of the brightest chapters in the history of Indian Miniature Painting. These paintings are known for their high quality and finer details. Some call them Rajasthani Paintings also, but this nomenclature has varied opinions. In 1916, the famous Ceylonese historian Anand Coomarswamy did the first remarkable scholar work on the classification and nomenclature of Indian Paintings. He concluded that the theme of the Rajput paintings is related to Rajputana as well as the hill state of Punjab (of that time). Thus, he divided the Rajput Paintings in two parts viz. Rajasthani (concerning to Rajputana) and Pahari (concerned to Jammu, Kangra, Garhwal, Basholi and Chamba). Since the rulers of these states were Rajputs, he used the term Rajput Paintings for all of them. Thus, here we find two different schools under the Rajput Paintings as:

  • Rajasthani School of Paintings: It covers the areas of Mewar (later Udaipur), Jaipur, Bundi, Kota. Kishangarh, Jodhpur, Bikaner etc.
  • Pahari Paintings: It includes paintings of Basohli, Kangra, Guler, Nurpur, Chamba, Mandi, Haripur and Tehri-Garwal. Each of the schools is a complete unit comprising many sub-schools.
Mughal PaintingsRajput Paintings
AristocraticDemocratic
Realistic , MaterialisticMystic, Spiritual
SecularReligion is integral part
Confined to Imperial courts, so mainly depicts the Mughal splendour and pompIt was art of the people, so had popular and familiar themes
Isolated from Folk ArtInfluenced by Folk Art
Many a times, deals with materialistic aspect of animal life such as hunting of deers, fighting of animals such as elephantsMany a times deals with the religious as well as aesthetic aspect of animal life, depicts animals as deities and also as increasing beauty in the paintings

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